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Scumble Glaze - is an oil based,
translucent paint medium, rather like varnish. It is used for many paint
effects, because it has a longer drying time allowing you to work with
it. The glaze has no pigment, so that even if you add colour (in the
form of oil based household or artists paints), successive coats have a
translucence, allowing base colours to show through.
Household paints - are used for the base coat and also to tint the glaze. Use only oil based paints (in the form of gloss and egg shell paint) which will mix with the scumble glaze. The colours you use will depend on the marble you are trying to imitate.
Universal stainers - can be used to tint the base coat, and the glaze to create subtle variations in tone, in order to build up the 'polish' of the marble.
Artist's oil paints - can also be used to tint. However, their main use is to paint the veins of colour. It is also worth having some white paint to hand to add body to colours and for extra emphasis when painting veins.
White spirit - is used to thin the coats of colour
Brushes - Household paint brushes should be good quality. Clean, free from dust and do not shed hairs. Artist's brushes are used for painting details. Stiff, round brushes are useful for stippling background colour. Softer, broad brushes can be used too add variations in tone, and soft, fine brushes are best for adding veins. You can also use make up brushes
Feathers - are often used by professionals for softening the veins - or even for painting them in.
Sponges and rags - can be used at various stages in the work to create mottled patterns.
Applying the colours
Choose and mix a colour for the base coat - you can usually use a standard household colour. The undercoat may be sufficient.
For the next coat, mix a glaze. This may be tinted with any of the types of paint described above - add household eggshell paint for a more opaque colour, or just universal stainers if you want the colour beneath to show through.
After applying the glaze, work in variations of tone to the background colour, by dabbing on artist's oil paint or tinted eggshell paint. Use brushes, sponges - even rags - to break up the colour of the base coat.
Next, add a structure of veins across the surface. Again, you can use artist's oils or tints of eggshell, with or without glaze. While the paint is still wet, soften the lines as necessary, using a feather or soft brush. When doing this, always work in one direction, to keep a hard edge along one side of the veins and a faded effect along the other.
You can build up variations in tone and extra depth to the surface by adding further coats of glaze, mixed fairly thin and lightly tinted with colour. As you build up successive coats, the veins will sink beneath the surface.
For an opaque glaze, good proportions to work with are three parts oil based scumble, five parts off white eggshell and 2 parts white spirit. Mix the paint with the glaze, then add the white spirit to give a creamy consistency.
For a more translucent glaze, tint the glaze with oil paints or stainers, then add a roughly equal quantity of white spirit.
Pale Marbling Effect
You can create many interesting tonal effects using pale colours. Here varying shades of creams, browns and grey have been used, a hint of umber adds a realistic finishing touch.
You will need:
Undercoat or eggshell paint
Artists oil paints in umber and varying shades of browns and creams / whites and blacks or colours of your choice
Selection of paint brushes, artists brushes, make up brushes
Lint free rags
1. Rub down the surface to be decorated
and apply undercoat (on wood or metal) or eggshell (on walls) in a
suitable colour. The paint effects will look better if you take care
over this stage
2. If necessary, apply a further coat to act as a base coat for the decorative finish. Tint it slightly with brown oil paint, and use a sponge to create lightly mottled areas. Soften slightly stroking diagonally.
3. Using mid brown artist's oil and an artist's brush, start to create a random trellis of diagonal veins across the surface, making sure diagonals are all going the same direction.
4. Strengthen some of the veins with darker colours, then soften the effect by brushing over the surface with a soft brush.
5. Use a natural sponge to create variations in tone, lifting off colours or applying extra colour where needed.
6. Apply a translucent glaze, with a light umber tint. In some patches, add extra coats of glaze for a natural effect.
7. You can keep adding veins and blending as many times as you want to get the desired effect
We used a grey and white which works well on the cream / brown background. Experiment with different colours to get the marble effect you want.
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